E123

Amaranth

E Number E123
Name Amaranth
Class Colours
Groups
Additional details Red color
Origin Synthetic
Common applications Dried and candied fruits, caramels, pastry
Observations Possible hyperactivity in children, may induce tumors in rats, apart from its mutagenic and teratogenic effects. Its use was already forbidden in several countries, and in those that are authorized the ADI doses were reduced. Intolerance reactions may also occur and symptoms of asthma may be impaired.
Evaluation To avoid

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Conditions of use in food categories

Category Number Category Name Maximum Level (mg/l or mg/kg as appropriate) Details Restrictions/exceptions
09.3 Fish roe30except Sturgeons’ eggs (Caviar)
14.2.6 Spirit drinks as defined in Regulation (EC) No 110/200830except: spirit drinks as defined in article 5(1) and sales denominations listed in Annex II, paragraphs 1-14 of Regulation (EC) No 110/2008 and spirits (preceded by the name of the fruit) obtained by maceration and distillation, London Gin, Sambuca, Maraschino, Marrasquino or Maraskino and Mistrà
14.2.7.1 Aromatised wines100In americano E 100, E 101, E 102, E 104, E 120, E 122, E 123, E 124 are authorised individually or in combination In bitter vino E 100, E 101, E 102, E 104, E 110, E 120, E 122, E 123, E 124, E 129 are authorised individually or in combinationonly americano, bitter vino
14.2.7.1 Aromatised wines30only aperitif wines
14.2.7.2 Aromatised wine-based drinks100In bitter soda E 100, E 101, E 102, E 104, E 110, E 120, E 122, E 123, E 124, E 129 are authorised individually or in combinationonly bitter soda
14.2.8 Other alcoholic drinks including mixtures of alcoholic drinks with non-alcoholic drinks and spirits with less than 15 % of alcohol30only alcoholic drinks with less than 15 % of alcohol